By Trevor Bryce
Roman emperor Diocletian within the early 4th century AD.
Across the centuries, from the Bronze Age to Imperial Rome, we come upon an enormous array of characters and civilizations, enlivening, enriching, and besmirching the annals of Syrian heritage: Hittite and Assyrian nice Kings; Egyptian pharaohs; Amorite robber-barons; the biblically infamous Nebuchadnezzar; Persia's Cyrus the nice and Macedon's Alexander the good; the rulers of the Seleucid empire; and an collection of Rome's such a lot uncommon and such a lot notorious emperors. All swept throughout the
plains of Syria at some point soon in her lengthy historical past. All contributed, in a single method or one other, to Syria's exact, exact personality, as they imposed themselves upon it, fought each other inside it, or pillaged their approach via it.
But this isn't only a background of invasion and oppression. Syria had nice rulers of her personal, native-born Syrian luminaries, occasionally showing as neighborhood champions who sought to disencumber their lands from overseas despots, occasionally as crafty, self-seeking manipulators of squabbles among their overlords. They culminate with Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, whose existence offers a becoming grand finale to the 1st 3 millennia of this historical civilization. And but the lengthy tale of Syria does not
end with the mysterious destiny of Queen Zenobia. the belief seems ahead to the Muslim conquest within the seventh century advert: in lots of methods the hole bankruptcy within the both complicated and infrequently stricken heritage of contemporary Syria.
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